Keel-billed

Keel-billed toucan
Ramphastos sulfuratus

Taxonomy

  • Scientific name:

    Ramphastos sulfuratus

  • Family:

    Ramphastidae

  • Genus:

    Ramphastos

  • Species:

    Sulfuratus

  • Common names:

    Kell-billed toucan

Biology

  • Morphology:

    Black plumage that contrasts with the yellow neck and breast, while the top of the head is maroon. The skin around the eye is green the iris and feet are blue. The beak is large and serrated, is generally a light green with blue and yellow tones and heading to a orangish –red point.

  • Reproduction:

    The species is monogamous with reproduction beginning at 2 – 3 years of age. This species nests in tree cavities and deposits 3 – 4 eggs.

  • Diet:

    Mainly composed of a variety of forest fruits but occasionally eats small animals (frogs for instance) and eggs when available.

Ecology

  • Range:

    From Mexico in the north, south through Central America to North of Colombia and North East Venezuela. It occurs on both coasts of Honduras.

  • Habitat:

    These toucans occur in both primary and secondary tropical forests along the banks of rivers, lakes and lagoons. They prefer areas of exuberant vegetation and perennial lowland forest. They are found from sea level to 2,000 but more common below 1,000. m-

Threats

  • Destruction and fragmentation of their habitat due to the accelerated destruction of the tropical forest for lumber or farming. Also trafficking for the pet trade. Risk Category: IUCN Red List: Moderate worry factor