Black

Black mandible toucan
Ramphastos swainsonii

Taxonomy

  • Scientific name:

    Ramphastos swainsonii

  • Family:

    Ramphastidae

  • Genus:

    Ramphastos

  • Species:

    Swainsonii

  • Common names:

    Black mandible toucan, chestnut mandible, choco toucan, yellow-throated toucan

Biology

  • Morphology:

    The male reaches an average 56 cm length and weighs 750 g. The female is a bit smaller, reaches about 52 cm and weighs about 580 g. Plumage is predominantly black, with yellow throat and a red band in chest. Skin around eye is fluorescent green.

  • Reproduction:

    Nests in tree cavities. Generally, lays 3 – 4 eggs.

  • Diet:

    Feeds primarily on fruits, although sometimes will feed on other bird’s eggs and small animals.

Ecology

  • Range:

    From Honduras to Pacific Coast of Colombia and Ecuador, up to 200 m.

  • Habitat:

    This species prefers higher grounds and vegetation

Threats

  • IUCN Red List: Minor Concern