Blue and gold macaw
Ara ararauna


  • Scientific name:

    Ara ararauna

  • Family:


  • Genus:


  • Species:


  • Common names:

    Blue and gold macaw, blue and yellow macaw


  • Morphology:

    These birds can reach a length of 76–86 cm and weigh 0.9–1.5 kg. They are vivid in appearance with blue-green wings and tail, dark-blue chin, golden under parts, and a green forehead. Their beaks are black. The naked face is white, turning pink in excited birds, and lined with small, black feathers.

  • Reproduction:

    The blue-and-yellow macaw generally mates for life. The female typically lays two or three eggs. One chick is dominant and gets most of the food, the others perish in the nest.

  • Diet:

    THey feeds on fruits, nuts, berries, blooms, leaves and certain flowers.


  • Range:

    This species occurs in Venezuela, Peru, Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay. The range extends slightly into Central America, where it is restricted to Panama. The species’ range formerly included Trinidad, but it became extinct there by 1970 as a result of human activities.

  • Habitat:


  • The blue-and-yellow macaw is on the verge of being extirpated in Paraguay, but it still remains widespread and fairly common in a large part of mainland South America. The species is therefore listed as Least Concern by BirdLife International. It is listed on CITES Appendix II, trade restricted.